Read The Enigma of Reason Online Free - Reason, we are told, is what makes us human, the source of our knowledge and wisdom. If reason is so useful, why didn't it also evolve in other animals? If reason is that reliable, why do we produce so much thoroughly reasoned nonsense? In their groundbreaking account of the evolution and workings of reason, Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber set out to solve this double enigma. Reason, they argue with a compelling mix of real-life and experimental evidence, is not geared to solitary use, to arriving at better beliefs and decisions on our own. What reason does, rather, is help us justify our beliefs and actions to others, convince them through argumentation, and evaluate the justifications and arguments that others address to us.
In other words, reason helps humans better exploit their uniquely rich social environment. This interactionist interpretation explains why reason may have evolved and how it fits with other cognitive mechanisms. It makes sense of strengths and weaknesses that have long puzzled philosophers and psychologists--why reason is biased in favor of what we already believe, why it may lead to terrible ideas and yet is indispensable to spreading good ones.
Ambitious, provocative, and entertaining, The Enigma of Reason will spark debate among psychologists and philosophers, and make many reasonable people rethink their own thinking.
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June 20, 2017
Reasoning, as we know today, sucks. People are able to convince themselves of all kinds of bullshit, and the smarter we are and the longer we think, the more stubborn we seem to become. The function of Reason seems to be to justify our intuitions, not matter how silly they are.
Many recent books...
August 24, 2017
This is an interesting read if you struggle (like me) with understanding societal inclinations to disregard science and data and facts. The assessment is really good overall, research analysis is done very well with appropriate parameters. I'd definitely recommend this one. This book compliments...
September 04, 2017
Really loved this book! Can't believe two French academics could write so beautifully in English. Not an easy read exactly, but far from impenetrable- it takes a little work to read but ideas are explained slowly and carefully and convincingly. Basic premise is that the ability of humans to reaso...
April 16, 2017
A persuasive and well argued claim for the interactionist view of reason in contrast to the intellectualist view of reason. By this view reason evolved to support social interaction including the statement of claims and their evaluation by others. Thus reason advances through arguments with audie...
June 18, 2017
La raison des philosophes est un super-pouvoir distinctif de l'humain; celle des psychologues expérimentaux une capacité biaisée, paresseuse et fautive ("flawed") (voir Daniel Kahneman Système 1 / système 2 : les deux vitesses de la pensée pour une exposition détaillée).
Ces deux perspectives son...
May 05, 2017
A fantastic book. Presents a very compelling alternative to (expansion of?) the Kahneman-ian dual systems model of cognition and a compelling enough evolutionary explanation for the existing state of human cognitive affairs.
The core concepts can be difficult to get your head around (due to the si...
October 01, 2017
The Enigma of Reason posits that the evolutionary function of reasoning is not to enhance individuals’ ability to arrive at better solutions to problems, but rather to provide social, group benefits. This is a striking proposition, and one that is reasonably well-developed over the course of this...
May 04, 2017
A compelling case for an interactionist perspective of human reason.
"The ability to produce and evaluate reasons has not evolved in order to improve psychological insight but as a tool for defending or criticizing thoughts and actions, for expressing commitments, and for creating mutual expectat...
October 11, 2017
Beautiful and persuasive. Disagreeing with the central argument from Kahneman’s Thinking, Fast and Slow, the authors offer a compelling argument for an entirely different approach to reason - it’s uses, functions, evolution, and purpose. Other reviewers are exactly right that it’s a long march to...
August 28, 2017
En este texto Mercier y Sperber desarrollan un tesis que merece atención, ¿qué significa razonar? Esencialmente la tesis de los autores señala que la razón existen como un módulo especializado de inferencias, entre otras posibles por nuestra mente, que posee al menos dos grandes funciones: 1. cre...